Ingrown Toenails
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Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails, medically known as onychocryptosis, occur when the edge of the toenail grows into the surrounding skin instead of growing over it. This condition is most commonly observed in the big toe and can cause pain, swelling, redness, and in severe cases, infection.

Causes of Ingrown Toenails

  1. Improper Nail Trimming: When toenails are cut too short or rounded instead of trimming straight across, it encourages the nail to grow into the skin.
  2. Tight Footwear or Socks: Wearing tight-fitting shoes or socks that exert pressure on the toes can lead to abnormal nail growth.
  3. Injury: Trauma to the toenail, such as stubbing the toe, can result in ingrown toenails.
  4. Abnormal Nail Shape: Certain people may naturally have curved or thickened nails, making them more susceptible to ingrown toenails.

Treatment for Ingrown Toenails

Mild cases of ingrown toenails can often be managed at home, but severe or infected cases require professional medical attention. Here are some treatment options:

  1. Warm Foot Soaks: Soak the affected foot in warm water to reduce swelling and inflammation.
  2. Correct Nail Trimming: Trim toenails straight across and avoid cutting them too short or rounding the corners.
  3. Footwear Selection: Opt for shoes with a roomy toe box to minimize pressure on the toes. Also, try to wear front-open footwear to avoid constant pressure on the toes.
  4. Topical Antibiotics: If an ingrown toenail becomes infected, apply over-the-counter antibiotic ointment as directed.
  5. Nail Removal: In case of severe pain and nail disfigurement, treatments such as partial nail removal (partial nail avulsion) or complete nail removal (total nail avulsion) can be performed to provide long-term comfort and improve the quality of life. These procedures are done under local anesthesia by a trained dermatosurgeon under all aseptic measures.

To prevent ingrown toenails, practice proper nail trimming techniques, wear comfortable footwear, and be attentive to foot injuries or abnormalities. Seeking medical advice for persistent or severe ingrown toenails is essential to prevent complications and maintain foot health.

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SCO- 19, Huda Market Road, Sector 15 Part 2,
Market Gurugram, Haryana 122001, India.

Clinic Timing: Monday - Saturday: 10 AM – 7 PM | Sunday: Closed
Phone: +91-9868649805 | +91-9810652808
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